What is Sandstone? History of Indian Sandstone
Sandstone is a sedimentary rock formed because of the merger of sand, small grains of quartz minerals, and feldspar. These are held together by natural cement called silica and are usually found in layers.
Natural Sandstone is tough and rigid, each stone having a different level of porosity, hardness, and compressive strength.
The above physical properties make these sandstones an ideal option for interior and exterior designing, such as flooring, paving, wall cladding, and molding Sandstone into beautiful artifacts.
The Sandstone’s architectural properties have made it suitable to churn out a fascinating range of handcrafted articles such as garden ornaments, sculptures, and other decorative items.
Studies reveal that millions of years ago, minute particles of our young earth were destroyed and eaten away by wind and water.
These minute particles of earth were drifted downstream and got composed to the bottom of the rivers, lakes, and oceans. These earth particles were deposited on top of each other, causing them to form layers after layers.
With passaging time these layers were compressed down until the bottom layers were slowly transformed into rock.
Later on, these rocks were got their identity as ‘sandstone.’ Sandstones are mainly found in terrestrial and marine lands.
Natural sandstones are fashionably accepted because of their brilliant features like high tensile strength and low maintenance in terms of paint or whitewash.
Natural sandstone compliments both traditional and modern designs, whereas the unique combination of color and texture gives an ageless yet contemporary touch.
Sandstones are available with smooth finishing and polish that not only enhances the beauty of the product but gives an elegant look.
The various ranges of colors available in the sandstones are Pink, Yellow, Beige, Red, Brown, Rainbow, etc.
Indian Sandstone is extremely versatile as it can be sawed, honed, polished, sandblasted, shot blasted, and brushed for flooring and walling.
Sandstone is available in several shapes and colors and is easily obtainable in large quantities.
The most commonly used shades are
Rippon, golden brown, raj green, autumn brown, fossil mint and Modak.
There are various forms of Sandstone in which it is used; such as:
- Sandstone blocks
- Sandstone slabs
- Sandstone tiles
- Sandstone cobbles
- Sandstone pebbles
- Sandstone strips
- Sandstone bricks
Where does indian Sandstone come from?
India is pioneer in the exploration, mining of commercial rock deposits and in establishing a firm base for stone industry. India, with an estimated resource of about 1,690 million cu m, comprising over 160 shades of Dimension Stone Granites (DSG), accounts for about 205 of the world resources. Of the 300 varieties being traded in the world market, nearly half of them are from India. Commercially viable granite and other rock deposits are reported from Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, and others.
Sandstone reserves in India are found over the states of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Karnataka, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal. Over 90% of the deposits of Sandstone are in Rajasthan, spread over the districts of Bharatpur, Dholpur, Kota, Jodhpur, Sawai-Madhopur, Bundi, Chittorgarh, Bikaner, Jhalawar, Pali, Shivpuri, Khatu and Jaisalmer.
India is among the leading countries when it comes to mining and export of Sandstone. Sandstone from India is available in different colors for interior as well as exterior use. Sandstone products from India include names like Tint Mint, White Mint, Mint Fossils, Modak, Agra Red, Rainbow Sandstone, Raj Green, Teak, Buff Brown, Dhoplur Chocolate, Beige, Dholpur Pink, Lalitpur Pink, Mandana Red, Jodhpur pink, Jodhpur red, and Jaisalmer yellow.
Various colors of the Indian SandStone
- AGRA RED SANDSTONE
- ASIAN GOLD SANDSTONE
- Autumn Brown Sandstone
- DESERT MINT SANDSTONE
- DHOLPUR BEIGE SANDSTONE
- EBONY SANDSTONE
- FLOWERY GOLD SANDSTONE
- FOSSIL MINT SANDSTONE
- GOLDEN TEAKWOOD SANDSTONE
- ITA GOLD SANDSTONE
- J. PINK SANDSTONE
- J. RED SANDSTONE
- JAISALMER YELLOW SANDSTONE
- K. BLACK SANDSTONE
- KANDLA GREY SANDSTONE
- KOTA DESERT SANDSTONE
- L. GREY SANDSTONE
- L. YELLOW SANDSTONE
- MANDANA SANDSTONE
- MODAK SANDSTONE
- PANTHER SANDSTONE
- RAINBOW SANDSTONE
- RAJ GREEN SANDSTONE
- RAVEENA SANDSTONE
- RIPON SANDSTONE or BUFF SANDSTONE OR RIPON BUFF SANDSTONE
- Sagar black sandstone
- Toksana Sandstone
- TWO TONE SANDSTONE
- WHITE MINT
- YELLOW MINT
- YELLOW TEAKWOOD
Let’s talk in details about 3 main hot selling Indian natural Sandstones types listed below
Kandla grey Indian Sandstone
Also called Bhilwara Grey Sandstone, Kandla Grey is a beautiful grey colored sandstone, which is consistent in texture and color. As per the customer’s requirement, it can be further made available as dark and light grey stones. Its properties like hardness, durability, and ability to withstand rough climate conditions make it an excellent choice for indoor and outdoor use. Ideal for paving, flooring and wall cladding, this Kandla grey Indian sandstone is perfect for garden landscaping.
Kandla Grey sandstone is offered in grey-hued sandstone in finishes like honed, polished, bush-hammered, tumbled, brushed, sandblasted, and sawn. As per the customers’ requirements, this grey sandstone is offered in varying thicknesses, sizes, and shapes. Whether you are searching for Kandla grey sandstone for paving or grey sandstone paving slabs, this is the place where your search will end.
Raj green indian sandstone
Raj Green sandstone is also famous by the name, Bhilwara Green sandstone. With it’s enticing greenish-brown tone, this sandstone is quite popular for paving and restoration projects in the whole UK. Properties like hardness, durability, and ability to resist harsh weather conditions make it suitable for indoor as well as outdoor applications. Ideal for flooring, paving and wall cladding, this sandstone bears a smooth surface with the natural cleft finish
This sandstone is offered in finishes like honed, polished, bush-hammered, tumbled, brushed, sandblasted, and sawn. As per the customers’ requirement, this green sandstone is offered varying thicknesses, shapes, and sizes.
Ripon buff Indian Sandstone
Ripon Sandstone has a buff shaded background with eye-catching wavy patterns and stripes in pink, grey, yellow and brown tones. Properties like hardness, durability, and the ability to resist harsh weather conditions make it suitable for indoor and outdoor applications. Ideal for flooring, paving and wall cladding, this sandstone is widely used in the construction of patios and garden pathways.
Regatta Universal Exports, a leading manufacturer and exporter of Ripon sandstone in India, offers this sandstone in finishes like honed, polished, bush-hammered, tumbled, brushed, sandblasted, and sawn. As per the customers’ requirements, this sandstone is offered in varying thicknesses, sizes, and shapes.
Ripon buff Indian Sandstone is also available in finishes like Honed, Bush hammered, Machine cut and Tumbled.
How thick are Indian sandstones slabs?
Indian Sandstone is available in various sizes and dimensions, which makes it suitable for both commercials and domestic purposes.
Indian Sandstone slabs are available in 120-190 cm x 90-60 cm with thickness 2 cm, 3 cm, 4 cm, 5 cm, or 6 cm. Sandstone can be offered in varying thicknesses, sizes, and shapes as per the customer’s requirement.
How to lay indian sandstone paving slabs?
Make your selection
Select the section where you want to lay your Sandstone Paving, making sure it’s firm, level and well-drained. Mark the area with spray paint.
- It’s time to dig
Dig the marked spray painted area to a minimum depth of 125mm, plus the depth of the paving, getting rid of all greenery and top soil (finished surface depth should be a minimum of 150mm below damp proof level of house).
- Level playing field
Use string lines to measure falls and rake area to create levels, then compress the entire area using a garden roller or tamper.
- Space for base
Fill and compact a 50mm layer of sub-base material (Crushed Stone 40mm – dust), repeat this process again so the sub-base has an overall depth of 100mm. Ensure the area has falls that are adequate surface water runoff.
- Wash them
Wash the units with a sponge and clean water to remove any dust and dirt.
- Prime time
Prime the backs of the units with a proprietary priming product or fine mortar slurry.
- Mixing it up
Create a mortar mix of four parts sand to one part cement and water. The mix should be of a “wet” workable consistency.
- Spread it on thick
Working in a small area, add a full mortar bed to the area and level it off so the bed is approximately 30mm in thickness.
- Lay it down
Begin laying the sandstone paving in the mortar bed, placing them 8 to 10mm apart. Bed the paving down firmly into the mortar by tapping them lightly with a rubber mallet.
- Case in joint
Use a trowel to fill the joints with a mortar mix of four parts sand to one part cement. The mix should be of a “wet” workable consistency. Compress mortar mix into the joints with a pointing tool.
- Leave to rest
Leave your Sandstone Paving to set for at least 24 hours before walking on it – allow longer in wet climate.
How to clean Indian Sandstone
Indian SandStone is one of the most popular stone paving material and it’s fairly easy to see why. It offers sublime looks in both traditional and modern outdoors due to its primitive finish, earthy tones, and versatility.
However, like all-natural stone, it’s not resistant to heavy footfall, showers, and winter frosts, which means regular upkeep is essential to keep it looking good as new.
Indian Sandstone is prone to fading and decay unless proper maintenance measures are not done on regular basis. The harshness of the degradation depends on time, use, the type of vegetation nearby and the proximity of the stone to water base.
Thankfully, Indian Sandstone can be cleaned in a straightforward way and requires little effort. A simple wash with soapy liquid removes everyday dust while a diluted bleach can tackle tough stains, moss and algae.
Let’s talk about the seven simple steps to clean.
WHAT YOU’LL NEED
- Non-acidic soap or bleach
- Special iron-free fungicide for lichen removal
- Bucket and water
- Stiff brush or broom for scrubbing
- Watering can or hose
- A pressure washer
- A bit of elbow grease
- IDENTIFY THE ISSUE
The materials required for cleaning Indian Sandstone depend on what’s causing the discoloration and the seriousness of the spread, so it is vital to identify exactly what’s wrong before creating a course of action.
If your Sandstone looks dirty, it’s probably due to everyday use and it’s easily rectified. More serious issues include green blemishes and grimy spots that grow with usage and time.
- Green fuzz over the whole slab is usually caused by algae.
- Green borders are a result of moss growing in the dust between the slabs.
- Patches that get larger over time are caused by lichen (a colony of fungus and algae and/or cyanobacteria – by far the most challenging issue to deal with).
- CHOOSE THE SOLUTION
Before we go apply the solution , let’s discuss what to avoid.
To preserve your Sandstone, avoid using acid-based cleaning products or solutions that contain iron. They’ll only lead to rust and more discomfort. Along with that, harsh chemicals promising to remove fungus could discolour the Sandstone permanently.
Luckily, you don’t need any of these fancy potions to clean Indian Sandstone. For common grime, the simplest and safest remedy is good old soapy water (washing-up liquid does the trick), and to tackle more stubborn problems (algae, moss and lichens) use diluted bleach.
If the lichens don’t respond to bleach and a good scrub, you might require additional support in the form of specially designed, iron-free fungicides.
If you’re using soapy water, add enough soap for the mixture to become frothy. With bleach solutions, dilute the bleach with equal parts of water.
- POUR THE MIXTURE
After creating the solution, sweep the affected area and pour the mixture onto your slabs. You might want to remove the nearby furniture so that doesn’t get into contact with the bleach.
Leave it to rest for around 30 minutes (longer for extreme build-ups) to give the chemicals enough time to loosen surface debris.
- TIME TO STRETCH YOUR BONES
After you’ve drenched the stone , it’s time to put some muscle in.
Grab a stiff broom and scrub the stone, paying special attention to corners, gaps and borders. For lichen removal, it’s best to use a wire brush and spend a bit more time going over the affected areas.
A word of warning – take care with the amount of pressure you apply as overzealous brushing could damage the Sandstone.
If you’re using bleach, wait another 15 minutes before rinsing.
- RINSE ALL THE WAY
Wash away the loosened dirt with clean water, using a bucket, watering can or hose (low-pressure).
In most cases, you are good – your work is done. However, for more stubborn problems, repeat the above steps two to three times over several weeks.
- USING A POWER WASHER
Power or pressure wash Indian Sandstone is an excellent alternative for cleaning and especially useful if you have vast areas to clean. However, you must find the right pressure setting because Sandstone is relatively soft, and a powerful stream could erode some of the stone surfaces along with the grime.
To avoid damage, choose a low-setting and wash diagonally across the slabs rather than parallel to the joints. You might need to repeat the process several times to ensure the area is thoroughly clean.
- TAKE PRECAUTIONARY ACTION
Prevention is better than cure!, so adhere to the following measures to prevent future build-ups.
- Get proactive and regularly brush your Sandstone to disturb weeds, dirt and microorganisms before they take hold.
- Invest in a quality sealant. When properly applied, sealant improves your paving’s durability by protecting the jointing and eradicating the damp conditions moss, algae and fungi love so much.
- Remove nearby water features and think about repositioning plants.
- Repeat the above steps every two to three months, even if there’s no noticeable grime – this will help catch any invisible threats before it’s too late.
The Beautiful look is back!
You made it!. You should now have Sandstone that looks as good as new, free from unsightly muck.
The last thing to do, after your paving area is dry, is to reintroduce plants, garden furniture and people – because it’s time to show off the fruits of your labour.
How do I get a sheen or wet-look finish on my patio?
If you like the stronger colours and visual impact of that ‘just rained’ look for your paving, you can buy sealant to give your paving a low sheen finish.
If you do apply wet-look sealant, you need to make sure the paving slabs and pointing are absolutely clean. Once the sealant has been applied, the dirt will be sealed forever.
Can Sandstone be used outside?
The following are ideas that will lead you to discover ways that enhance indoors and outdoors using Sandstone.
Various Ways to Add Sandstone In Your Space
Indian Sandstone is versatile in its applications. Hence, it can be used for both interiors as well as exterior space. Kandla Grey Honed Sandstone is an explicit example of the same. The stone is widely used for wall cladding and flooring in both indoors and outdoors. Thanks to its innate properties that make it a suitable choice for any environment. It offers a modern look with a tint of blue in the grey backdrop – adding to its minimalistic beauty. When wet, the natural stone reflects shine that never goes overlooked. The raw form of the stone is quarried from North-West India, processed and finished to give a touch of luxury in its appearance.
A Seamless Transition From Interiors To Exteriors
If a garden or a big outdoor space is part of a home then a smooth flow from outdoors to indoors is essential. This design element holds good for commercial properties as well. Hence the addition of Sandstone can be a splendid choice to bring the seamless transition. A sandstone variety used in garden paving can also adorn the kitchen flooring to bring a connection between the interiors and the outside. This is especially important if one has a large patio or sliding doors that provide direct access to the kitchen.
Kandla Grey Polished is often used for patios and treads. The stone is also an apt choice for windows, door sills, beams, pillars, and wall cladding. The Sandstone is the polished variant of Kandla Grey Sandstone which can be used for the outdoor space. Both the stones have the same color with finishes that suit the specific needs. The polished one offers increased shine offering a radiant look. It has high durability and strength while being non-slippery in nature. Both the Kandla Grey varieties can be used to bring a seamless transition accompanied by modern aesthetics.
A Colourful Garden Walkway
Indian Sandstone can beautifully complement the lush green grass, the picturesque landscape, and natural stone tabletop in a garden. Rainbow Honed is a perfect choice for a vibrant garden walkway that can intensify the charm of the natural surroundings. Thanks to its colors that are visible as rainbow bands. There is an eye-catching touch of yellow, orange, purple that are most prominent. Moreover, the look and feel of the stone also harmonize the wooden furniture used around. Having a pattern that reflects a feeling of being amongst nature is a unique specialty of this stone. QM India offers hand-cut Rainbow Honed Sandstone that enlivens pathways for decades.
Versatile Outdoor Area
Owing to its looks and properties, Sandstone is a favorite choice for walkways in the garden area and home entrances. Using natural Sandstone, one can create a versatile outdoor space that is useful throughout the year.
Dholpur Beige Honed is one of those widely used natural stones since historic times. It is characterized by regular bedding and uniform grain size that bestows uniqueness to its look. The color it owns is Beige with a touch of pink which makes it feel subtle and serene. Using this stone, homeowners can create a huge patio or dining area amidst the garden. Overall looks incredibly suit the wooden arrangements in the dining area. As the stone is durable and strong against all weather conditions, it can keep the outdoor space lively and useful year-round.
Multiple Colours For Small Space
If you own an outdoor area that is compact using a single-color stone would make it look even smaller. Therefore, using two or even three colors, in contrast, can make the area look more appealing. Using Sandstone available in different colors can bring the difference you desire with minimal furnishings and planting.
Dholpur Chocolate Honed sandstone blocks in combination with another lighter shade can bring a huge difference to the aesthetics. The natural stone is one of the best choices for both commercial and residential environments. It has the colors and the strength to provide timeless beauty to any space. QM India offers customized hand-cut sandstone slabs and blocks to suit your design requirements.
Garden Stepping Stones
The natural stone is a great choice to use it in combination with gravel to create stepping stones in the garden area. The natural sandy expression of Sandstone with gravel togetherly gives an ideal look to the stepping stones pathway. As a bonus to the aesthetics, you can use it as the fencing for the fountain in your garden.
QM India, one of the leading sandstone suppliers offer varieties of natural Sandstone with tailor-made cuts and finishes. If you wish to create an exterior having a turn around effect, then explore the premium natural sandstone collection at our store!
Which stone is best for patio?
For a garden feature unlike any other, natural stone paving slabs are ideal solutions. The inherent characteristics of stone paving provide individuality to any outdoor space.
Why choose natural stone paving?
You needn’t be a paving expert to know that natural stone paving slabs are the pinnacle of outdoor finishes.
Not only are they fantastic to look at, stone pavers are also easy to maintain, naturally frost-resistant and, to top it off, ethically sourced.
From limestone to Sandstone, you’ll find a plethora of quality natural stone pavers in our collection.
How to choose the best one?
If you’ve browsed our vast catalogue of stone paving, you may have wondered which pretty paver you’ll choose first.
To make the decision easier, we advise firstly looking at the theme of your patio. Generally speaking, sandstone pavers are well-suited to traditional designs, while modern schemes tend to lean towards limestone paving slabs.
With this in mind, you shouldn’t be afraid to mix things up if you want to combine new and old looks. For instance, our natural limestone pavers evoke a subtle beauty – ideal for both contemporary and classic gardens.
In terms of practicality, one of the best stone pavers for patios is Sandstone. Naturally stunning, sandstone pavers are known for their long-lasting, reliable properties – they’re also easy to clean and maintain. Similarly, slate paving slabs are a durable patio material that, due to their low water absorption, won’t become damaged after a bout of frost or a fierce thunderstorm.
Another popular choice of natural stone is Indian stone paving. A popular, yet unique, paving choice, these natural stone patio slabs are known for their durability, hard-wearing nature, versatility, and natural beauty.
Is natural stone paving slippery?
Nobody wants to spend their hard-earned money on a new set of stone slabs, only to find they’re as slippery as an ice rink after downpours.
To keep our customers safe, our suppliers make sure all of our natural stone paving is designed to stay slip-free during all four seasons. If you’re unsure what this looks like, keep an eye out for textured varieties, or choose a natural paver with a rough, flamed finish, such as our collection of granite paving.
What is calibrated stone paving?
Calibrating stone paving is a simple mechanical operation that takes paving slabs of different thicknesses and processes them to a consistent depth. This is a common technique used on natural stone pavers as it enables a simpler laying process.
I want to thank you for continuing your journey of the unlimited vast empire of Indian Natural stones. Now that you know about very well about choosing the best Indian natural stone for beautifying your home and exterior, I will be back with yet another topic next week.